James Cook V - mixed media

james cook v

Captain James Cook (1728-1779) was a British explorer who achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand.  Cook became commander of HM Bark Endeavour in 1766 for the first of three Pacific voyages, sailing thousands of miles across largely…

the price of knowledge - digital collage

the price of knowledge

NASA built six Space Shuttles, reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft. Enterprise was used only for flight tests. Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis and Endeavour were used to launch satellites, conduct science experiments in orbit and service the International Space Station. 135 missions were flown between 1981 and 2011. Challenger and Columbia were both destroyed in mission…

a dream of big science - cyanotype

a dream of big science

Maritime expeditions in the Age of Enlightenment were motivated mainly by scientific curiosity.  HMS Challenger set sail from Portsmouth in 1872 to investigate the natural history and geology of the ocean floor. Challenger circumnavigated the globe for three and half years, covering almost 70,000 nautical miles.  The crew dredged up thousands of samples and mapped…

expedition - cyanotype

expedition

The Challenger Expedition followed in the footsteps of many other maritime expeditions.  This image features a map from the Challenger Report, showing the routes taken by the prinicpal expeditions, from the first voyage of Captain Cook through to the Challenger Expedition. Cyanotype Varied edition: 10 prints

challenger deep cyanotype

challenger deep

Challenger Deep is the deepest known point in the Earth’s seabed hydrosphere, with a depth of about 11,000 metres.  It is found at the southern end of the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean. It is named after HMS Challenger, whose crew made the first measurements of its depth.  Only four vehicles have descended into…

navigate ii - screenprint

navigate ii

Screenprint Varied edition: 13 prints c. 20x40cm “The attention of navigators was fully taken up  with the perfecting of their science,  the development of nautical astronomy, the study of the forces which control the magnetic needle, the discovery of the longitude, the search for new lands and new routes.” -Narrative of the Cruise of HMS…

navigate cyanotype

navigate

Cyanotype Varied edition: 30 prints “The attention of navigators was fully taken up  with the perfecting of their science,  the development of nautical astronomy, the study of the forces which control the magnetic needle, the discovery of the longitude, the search for new lands and new routes.” -Narrative of the Cruise of HMS Challenger

Challenger book

challenger book

Challenger (hardback) An exploration By Alice Strange Book Preview “The vast ocean lay scientifically unexplored  All the efforts of the previous decade had been directed to the strips of water around the coast and to enclosed or partially enclosed seas; great things had certainly been done there, but as certainly far greater things remained to…

abyss

abyss

“Abyss” is from the Greek word ἄβυσσος, meaning bottomless. The abyssal zone of the oceans – 4-6 km – is perpetually dark and cold and silent. Inhabitants, such as the deep-sea anglerfish and the giant squid, must withstand immense pressure. The deepest trenches in the ocean, such as the Mariana Trench in the Pacific, are…

edward forbes quote

Beneath the waves there are many dominions yet to be visited and kingdoms to be discovered, and he who venturously brings up from the abyss enough of their inhabitants to display the physiognomy of the country, will taste that cup of delight, the sweetness of whose draught those only who have made a discovery know.…

McCandless confirms .. - hms challenger NASA screenprint

McCandless confirms …

… that the moon is made of cheese. The legacy of the Challenger Expedition persists: more than a century after the expedition, NASA named a Space Shuttle after the ship.  On 3 February 1984, Bruce McCandless II took the first untethered spacewalk from Space Shuttle Challenger using a Manned Maneuvering Unit, subject of an iconic photograph…

Legacy - hms challenger NASA screenprint

legacy

The legacy of the Challenger Expedition persists: more than a century after the expedition, NASA named a Space Shuttle after the ship.  On 3 February 1984, Bruce McCandless II took the first untethered spacewalk from Space Shuttle Challenger using a Manned Maneuvering Unit, subject of an iconic photograph of an astronaut floating above the Blue Planet.…

corvette and frigates - screenprint

corvette & frigates

“H.M.S. Challenger, a steam corvette, with a spar upper deck, of 2306 tons displacement, and an indicated power of 1234 horses, was chosen for this [expedition] … All the guns were removed with the exception of two, and the space which they and the stores and ammunition in connection with them had occupied, was devoted…

to boldly go - digital

to boldly go

The legacy of the Challenger Expedition persists: more than a century after the expedition, NASA named the Apollo 17 lunar module and a Space Shuttle after the ship, and the Voyager I spacecraft, which left Earth in 1977, is travelling into interstellar space. Digital collage Limited edition: 10 prints 36x150cm

floating worlds - digital - hms challenger

floating worlds

“On the 11th, at 2.50 am, the first iceberg was sighted.  At 5 am sails were furled, and a sounding, trawling, and serial temperatures were taken in 1260 fathoms, Diatom ooze, Station 152.  Up to the time of the Expedition, about 500 species of radiolarian had been identified.  Challenger brought home more than 2,000 new…

aurora - digital

aurora

In investigating the strength and direction of the ocean currents, such as the Gulf Stream, when out of sight of land or unable to anchor a boat, observations of the heavenly bodies are the only resource … Digital collage Limited edition: 10 prints 36x150cm “The ship remained at Halifax from the 9th to the 19th…

james cook iv - collage

james cook iv

Captain James Cook (1728-1779) was a British explorer who achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand. Cook became commander of HM Bark Endeavour in 1766 for the first of three Pacific voyages, sailing thousands of miles across largely…

james cook ii - screenprint

james cook ii

Captain James Cook (1728-1779) was a British explorer who achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand. Cook became commander of HM Bark Endeavour in 1766 for the first of three Pacific voyages, sailing thousands of miles across largely…

abel tasman iii - screenprint

abel tasman iii

Abel Janszoon Tasman (1603–1659) was a Dutch seafarer, explorer and merchant, best known for his voyages of 1642 and 1644.  He was the first known European explorer to reach the islands of Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) and New Zealand, and to sight the Fiji islands. Screenprint 20x26cm Edition: 10

abel tasman ii - screenprint

abel tasman ii

Abel Janszoon Tasman (1603–1659) was a Dutch seafarer, explorer and merchant, best known for his voyages of 1642 and 1644.  He was the first known European explorer to reach the islands of Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) and New Zealand, and to sight the Fiji islands. Screenprint 15x21cm Edition:10 £75

abel tasman i - screenprint

abel tasman i

Abel Janszoon Tasman (1603–1659) was a Dutch seafarer, explorer and merchant, best known for his voyages of 1642 and 1644.  He was the first known European explorer to reach the islands of Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) and New Zealand, and to sight the Fiji islands. Tasman’s crew were the first Europeans to have a…

james cook i - screenprint

james cook i

Captain James Cook (1728-1779) was a British explorer who achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand.  Cook became commander of HM Bark Endeavour in 1766 for the first of three Pacific voyages, sailing thousands of miles across largely…

2125 fathoms - digital collage

2125 fathoms

At each sampling station, the crew determined the depth, measured temperature, trawled and dredged for samples at various depths between the surface and the sea floor.  On 31 January 1873, at a depth of 2150 fathoms, a new member of the Pennatulida family was dredged up – the phosphorescent Umbellula thomsonii. Digital collage Limited edition:…

atlantic - digital collage

atlantic

“Challenger left Santa Cruz, Tenerife, on the evening of the 14th February. The weather was bright and pleasant, with a light breeze from the northeast. A southwesterly course was pursued for a few days, until well within the northern limit of the trade wind, after which the route followed was, as nearly as practicable, in…

challenger i

challenger i

The Challenger Expedition of 1872–76 laid the foundations of the academic discipline of oceanography. The Royal Navy ship HMS Challenger was modified for scientific work, with laboratories for natural history and chemistry. The ship sailed from Portsmouth, England, on 21 December 1872 and travelled nearly 70,000 nautical miles over four years, surveying and exploring. The…