Linocuts & woodcuts are RELIEF prints: the image is created from a plate that holds ink on the surface.
I usually create images in linoleum or wood by hand using special gouges. Oil- or water-based inks are rolled onto the raised areas of the printing block – areas cut away do not print. Ink can be applied as a single colour or a blend of colours. I transfer ink onto paper using a small printing press or hand-burnishing with the back of a well-worn wooden spoon. The paper is pulled away from the block, et voilà! The print is a mirror-image of the raised areas of the block.
I create multi-colour prints using either MULTIPLE BLOCKS, one for each colour, or the REDUCTION method, where a single block is cut in stages, over-printing on the same paper at each stage. I also introduce colour using the CHINE COLLÉ process: pieces of tissue or origami paper are cut to shape, glued on the back, then placed carefully (!!!!) on an inked printing block, which is then pressed or hand-burnished. The tissue or origami paper is thus simultaneously stuck to the printing paper and overprinted. I introduce texture by creating collage blocks: paper, card, string, fabric, leaves, etc. are stuck onto the block and printed normally.
Lino or wood blocks are robust so can produce a large number of prints but I generally run out of steam at about 30 prints, which is, coincidentally, the number of shelves on my drying rack and pegs on my small hanging laundry dryers …