The term Pict generally refers to the people who lived in the far north of Scotland. Their story is relatively undocumented, apart from a scattering of decorated stones and artefacts, created between 400-900AD. Pictii probably means painted or tattooed people: it was observed by contemporary commentators that individuals were tattooed to indicate their rank and ancestry.
DNA analysis has identified a genetic marker – R1bstr47, or R1b-Pict – that is essentially unique to Scotland. Around 10% of Scottish men carry this marker.
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“In our cities, towns and villages, 250,000 Picts are quietly going about their daily lives.”
Alistair Moffat, James F Wilson The Scots A Genetic Journey